GP2.0 Durable Solutions and Internal Displacement Glossary
Accountability to Affected Populations: An active commitment by humanitarian actors to use power responsibly by taking account of, giving account to, and being held to account by the people they seek to assist.
Link to the IASC definition: https://interagencystandingcommittee.org/system/files/iasc_aap_psea_2_pager_for_hc.pdf
Action Agenda on Internal Displacement: The UN Secretary-General Action Agenda on Internal Displacement was launched in June 2022 and is a follow-up to the report of the High-Level Panel on Internal Displacement. It lays out the SG’s vision to mobilize collective action and advance durable solutions. It features concrete commitments by the UN system, as well as calls on other key stakeholders, including Member States and International Financial Institutions, to step up efforts to address internal displacement. In late March and early April 2022, GP2.0, in partnership with the UN Steering Group on Durable Solutions to Internal Displacement, organized regional multi-stakeholder consultations on the UN Secretary-General’s draft Action Agenda on Internal Displacement.
Area-based approach: An approach that defines an area, rather than a sector or target group, as the main entry point. All stakeholders, services and needs are mapped and assessed, and relevant actors mobilised and coordinated within it. Source: ReDSS see glossary p.4-5
Collective outcomes: A collective outcome (CO) is a jointly envisioned result with the aim of addressing and reducing needs, risks and vulnerabilities, requiring the combined effort of humanitarian, development and peace communities and other actors as appropriate. To be effective, the CO should be context specific, engage the comparative advantage of all actors and draw on multi-year timeframes. They should be developed through joint (or joined-up) analysis, complementary planning and programming, effective leadership/coordination, refined financing beyond project-based funding and sequencing in formulation and implementation
Common Country Analysis: The UN Common Country Analysis (CCA) is an integrated, forward-looking, and evidence-based analysis of the country context for sustainable development. It is an impartial, collective, and independent analysis undertaken by the UN to help determine its priorities for the next programming cycle to assist the country realise its development vision and achieve the 2030 Agenda. It aims to ensure that UN support to the host government is relevant and linked to national development priorities as well as within its normative role, as mandated by the UN Development Group (UNDG) as guided by Member States. The CCA is both an assessment of the current situation and an analysis of gaps, challenges, and opportunities.
Community based planning: Community-based planning is a participatory method ensuring a meaningful involvement of communities at all stage of durable solutions planning, notably in the context of area-based projects. The aim of community-based planning is to develop community action plans setting priority actions to implement at the community level.
Displacement affected communities: All displaced populations (refugee, returnee, IDP), host communities and local institutions
Durable solutions: Durable solutions to displacement are achieved when internally displaced persons no longer have protection and assistance needs related to their displacement and have access to their rights without discrimination based on their displacement.
Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement: The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement were adopted in 1998. The Guiding Principles are soft law, but they are based upon and draw their legitimacy from legally binding international humanitarian, human rights law and analogous refugee law.
Humanitarian assistance: Humanitarian assistance is intended to save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity during and after man-made crises and disasters caused by natural hazards, as well as to prevent and strengthen preparedness for when such situations occur.
Humanitarian Needs Overview: Humanitarian needs overview (HNO) is produced to support the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in developing a shared understanding of the impact and evolution of a crisis and to inform response planning. This document presents a comprehensive analysis of the overall situation and associated needs. Its development is a shared responsibility among all humanitarian actors, requiring strong collaboration between program and information management staff as well as support from the OCHA country office and the inter-cluster coordination mechanism.
Source: Humanitarian response website
Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP): The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is prepared by Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) for a protracted or sudden onset emergency that requires international humanitarian assistance. The plan articulates the shared vision of how to respond to the assessed and expressed needs of the affected population. The development of a strategic response plan is a key step in the humanitarian program cycle and is carried out only when the needs have been understood and analyzed through the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) or other joint needs assessment and analysis processes.
Baseline indicators are indicators that provide the value of an indicator a project starts. It will therefore provide a reference to assess and measure progress, as well as the impact of a programme on its beneficiaries.
Outcome indicators set programme’s objectives and allow to measure to what extent these objectives have been met once the programme is completed.
Informal settlements: Informal settlements are residential areas where:
- inhabitants often have no security of tenure for the land or dwellings they inhabit ‒ for example, they may squat or rent informally;
- neighborhoods usually lack basic services and city infrastructure;
- housing may not comply with planning and building regulations, and is often situated in geographically and environmentally sensitive areas.
(UN-Habitat, 2015b; Brown, 2015)
Internally displaced persons:
When people are forced to flee or leave their homes but remain within their own country, they are known as internally displaced persons (IDPs).
According to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, IDPs are “persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border”. (See an annotated version of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement by Prof. Walter Kaelin).
Qualitative and quantitative data:
- Quantitative data refers to any information that can be quantified, counted or measured, and given a numerical value. Qualitative data is descriptive in nature, expressed in terms of language rather than numerical values.
- Quantitative research is based on numeric data. Qualitative research focuses on the qualities of users—the ‘why’ behind the numbers
Localization: Localization became a mainstream reform issue during the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in Istanbul, where it was included as one of the main Grand Bargain commitments. Reforms related to localization typically relate to increasing direct funding to local humanitarian actors, building more equitable partnerships, ensuring coordination mechanisms are more accessible, investing in the capacity of local humanitarian actors, and prioritizing local humanitarian leadership.
Source: Tufts University
Peacebuilding: Peacebuilding involves a range of measures targeted to reduce the risk of lapsing or relapsing into conflict by strengthening national capacities at all levels for conflict management, and to lay the foundations for sustainable peace and development. Source: UN
Peacebuilding is about dealing with the reasons why people fight, while also supporting societies to manage their differences and conflicts without resorting to violence.
It is a long-term and collaborative process, as it involves changes in attitudes, behaviours, norms and institutions. Source: International Alert
Peacebuilding Fund: The UN Secretary-General’s Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) is the organization’s financial instrument of first resort to sustain peace in countries or situations at risk or affected by violent conflict. The PBF may invest with UN entities, governments, regional organizations, multilateral banks, national multi-donor trust funds or civil society organizations. The Fund works across pillars. It supports integrated UN responses to fill critical gaps and respond quickly and with flexibility to peacebuilding opportunities. From 2006 to 2020, the PBF has allocated nearly $1.47 billion to 62 recipient countries.
Source: Peacebuilding Fund website
Pooled Funds : Pooled funds receive financing from several individual investors/donors. The amounts received are aggregated for the purposes of investment.
Profiling: Profiling is a collaborative exercise that seeks to establish a shared understanding of displacement situations and the circumstances and characteristics of those affected.It uses mixed-method approaches to collect and analyse data on displaced populations, their host communities and others, and situates this in broader considerations of the economic, political and social backdrop of displacement.
The overall aim is to create a comprehensive and mutually agreed evidence base to inform more effective humanitarian and development interventions, advocacy efforts and the development of national policies to support the achievement of durable solutions.
Protection: Protection encompasses all activities aimed at ensuring full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with human rights law, international humanitarian law (which applies in situations of armed conflict) and refugee law.
Source: IASC definition
Protracted displacement: Protracted displacement situations are those which have moved beyond the initial emergency phase but for which solutions do not exist in the foreseeable future.
Protracted situation’s definition takes on two key characteristics:
(I) the process of finding durable solutions has stalled,
(ii) the displaced are marginalized as a consequence of violation or lack of protection of human rights, including economic, social and cultural rights.
Resilience: The ability of countries, communities and households to manage change
by maintaining or transforming living standards in the face of shocks or
stresses, such as natural disasters (e.g. earthquakes, drought) or violent
conflict, without compromising their long-term prospects.
Source: DFID in ReDSS glossary
Security of tenure: Security of tenure is understood as a set of relationships with respect to housing and land, established through statutory or customary law or informal or hybrid arrangements, that enables one to live in one’s home in security, peace and dignity. It is an integral part of the right to adequate housing and a necessary ingredient for the enjoyment of many other civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. All persons should possess a degree of security of tenure that guarantees legal protection against forced eviction, harassment and other threats.
Source: Special Rapporteur on adequate housing, A/HRC/25/54, para.5
Self-reliance: The social and economic ability of an individual, household or community to meet basic needs (including protection, food, water, shelter, personal safety, health and education) in a sustainable manner and with dignity.
Source: UNHCR in ReDSS glossary
Social cohesion: Social cohesion involves building shared values and communities of interpretation, reducing disparities in wealth and income, and generally enabling people to have a sense that they are engaged in a common enterprise, facing shared challenges, and that they are members of the same community.
Source: Xavier Fonseca
Social mapping: Social mapping explores where and how people live and the available social infrastructure such as roads, drainage systems, schools, and drinking-water facilities.
A social map is made by local people, illustrating what the local people believe to be relevant and important for them. This participatory method is an authentic way of determining what the social reality looks like for locals through social stratification, demographics, settlement patterns and social infrastructure.
United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCF) also called the Cooperation Framework: The United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (formerly named United Nations Development Assistance Framework) is the most important instrument for planning and implementation of the UN development activities at country level. This is in line with Member States’ call for a UN development reform to boost coordination to support countries to achieve the 2030 Agenda.
Links to The Consolidated Annexes to the Cooperation Framework https://unsdg.un.org/resources/consolidated-annexes-cooperation-framework-guidance
And to the UN Sustainable Development Group website: https://unsdg.un.org/