Knowledge sharing to advance prevention, protection and durable solutions for internally displaced persons
Photo: IOM/Muse Mohammed.
This website is under construction and is subject to revision.
GP2.0 is a global community of experts on internal displacement fostering information exchange, the sharing of good practices, joint research and events
Overview of National Practices
SOMALIA -The Somalia Durable Solutions Initiative supports a principled collective approach to durable solutions by all relevant actors and guides the implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework in Somalia. Read more
NIGERIA - As part of the response to conflict-induced displacement resulting from the Boko Haram insurgency in north eastern Nigeria, the National Policy on Internally Displaced Persons reaffirms government’s commitment to enhancing the prevention of internal displacement and underscores key best practices for the management of internally displaced persons including the protection of their human rights and the need to mitigate their suffering once displacement has occurred. Read more.
NIGER - In December 2018, Niger adopted Law related to protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, setting a global standard by including strong human rights protection for IDPs. Read more.
ETHIOPIA - The Durable Solutions Initiative in Ethiopia seeks to provide a principled operational framework to guide the work of all partners on durable solutions in the country. Its ultimate objective is to enable conditions conducive for all internally displaced persons to achieve durable solutions. Read more.
AFGHANISTAN - UNDP, ILO and UNHCR set up the Support Afghanistan Livelihoods and Mobility programme to support refugees returning from Pakistan and – with leadership from the Afghan Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs – sought to generate new employment opportunities for displaced people. Read more.
FIJI - Communities in Fiji, a country exposed to the ongoing threat of tropical cyclones and earthquakes, have longstanding spiritual and cultural connections to the land. How the Government engaged affected communities in the development of the Planned Relocation Guidelines. Read more.
HONDURAS - In Honduras, internal displacement occurs clandestinely and often with little warning, as people flee individually or in small groups, generally after receiving direct threats from gangs. A confidential system for the registration of abandoned homes and property established a legal process to ensure restitution or compensation for those displaced. Read more.
INDONESIA - Indonesia’s Mount Merapi – in Central Java – is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. The Sister Village Programme is a model to prepare for and manage internal disaster displacement and strengthen community-based resilience in Central Java. Read more.
IRAQ - Various data collection and analysis tools have been developed in Iraq to gain an understanding of the barriers that impede durable solutions for IDPs. These diverse data sets and analysis were eventually brought together to capture a fuller picture of why displacement in Iraq had become protracted. Read more.
MONGOLIA - In Mongolia, as a result of climate change, herders struggle to prepare for summer drought followed by extreme winter temperatures, displacing people from their traditional lands and into urban centres. Forecast-based Financing has been used to reduce livestock loss by releasing humanitarian funds before extreme winter weather conditions arrive. Read more
NEPAL - In 2016-2017, the National Federation of the Disabled Nepal trained 17 leaders of Organizations of People with Disabilities on emergency shelter and settlement standards to ensure that all phases of disaster management, from preparedness to “building back better,” were disability-inclusive. Read more.
PHILIPPINES - Between August 2017 and June 2018, three of metropolitan Manila’s most vulnerable cities (Navotas, Pateros and Quezon) partnered with the International Organization for Migration on a pilot project to strengthen community-based preparedness in the event of a major earthquake. Read more.
SOUTH SUDAN - In 2018, the Government of South Sudan undertook a process to domesticate the Kampala Convention, which culminated in the Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons Act 2019. The process to develop the draft law enabled IDPs to share new information with their respective communities. Read more.
SUDAN - In late 2016, the Durable Solutions Working Group launched a pilot project to develop area-based durable solutions plans of action in two parts of Darfur. Read more.
UKRAINE - Until late 2019, IDPs were effectively excluded from participating in local elections. Yet a multi-year advocacy campaign brought together national and international NGOs, international organizations, the Council of Europe, and members of Parliament, to secure electoral rights for IDPs. Read more.
VANUATU - Vanuatu is consistently ranked among the most risk-prone countries in the world, with significant risk of displacement. To mitigate this risk Vanuatu’s Displacement Policy, adopted in 2018, establishes a framework for a national plan of action on displacement. Read more.
SYRIA - In January 2017, the Shelter Sector in Syria launched a joint initiative with the WASH and Early Recovery (ER) Sectors, in partnership with local authorities, to support a comprehensive coordinated and planned neighborhood-level response. Read more
Number of people internally displaced
Internally displaced as a result of conflict
Internally displaced as a result of disasters
Countries and territories impacted
Action Agenda on Internal Displacement.
In late March and early April 2022, GP2.0, in partnership with the Steering Group on Durable Solutions to Internal Displacement, organized regional multi-stakeholder consultations on the UN Secretary-General’s draft Action Agenda on Internal Displacement. The Action Agenda is a follow-up to the report of the High-Level Panel on Internal Displacement and lays out the SG’s vision to mobilize collective action and advance durable solutions. It features concrete commitments by the UN system, as well as calls on other key stakeholders, including Member States and International Financial Institutions, to step up efforts to address internal displacement.
Internally displaced persons
When people are forced to flee or leave their homes but remain within their own country, they are known as internally displaced persons (IDPs).
According to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, IDPs are “persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border”. (See an annotated version of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement by Prof. Walter Kaelin).
According to the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for IDPs (2010), “a durable solution is achieved when displaced persons no longer have any specific assistance and protection needs that are linked to their displacement and they can enjoy their rights without discrimination on account of their displacement”. This can be achieved through sustainable return, local integration and relocation. In addition, the IASC framework provides eight criteria to measure to what extent a durable solution has been achieved: 1) safety and security; 2) adequate standard of living; 3) access to livelihoods; 4) restoration of housing, land and property; 5) access to documentation; 6) family reunification; 7) participation in public affairs; and 7) access to effective remedies and justice. (See GP2.0 Policy Brief on Ten Years since the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions).
Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement
The Guiding Principles are the key international standard on internal displacement worldwide on protection, assistance and solutions for internally displaced persons. The Guiding Principles were presented to the Commission on Human Rights by the Representative of the Secretary General for Internally Displaced Persons in April 1998. They reflect and are consistent with human rights law, humanitarian law and refugee law, and provide guidance to States, other authorities, intergovernmental, and non-governmental organizations faced with issues of internal displacement. (See background and legal basis here).
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