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Knowledge sharing to advance prevention, protection and durable solutions for internally displaced persons

Photo: IOM/Muse Mohammed.

This website is under construction and is subject to revision.

GP2.0 is a global community of experts on internal displacement fostering information exchange, the sharing of good practices, joint research and events

    Overview of National Practices

Disclaimer: The designations employed on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations or its partners concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Number of people internally displaced

Internally displaced as a result of conflict

Internally displaced as a result of disasters

Countries and territories impacted

Source: IDMC

Action Agenda on Internal Displacement.

In late March and early April 2022, GP2.0, in partnership with the Steering Group on Durable Solutions to Internal Displacement, organized regional multi-stakeholder consultations on the UN Secretary-General’s draft Action Agenda on Internal Displacement. The Action Agenda is a follow-up to the report of the High-Level Panel on Internal Displacement and lays out the SG’s vision to mobilize collective action and advance durable solutions. It features concrete commitments by the UN system, as well as calls on other key stakeholders, including Member States and International Financial Institutions, to step up efforts to address internal displacement.

Internally displaced persons

When people are forced to flee or leave their homes but remain within their own country, they are known as internally displaced persons (IDPs).

According to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, IDPs are “persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border”. (See an annotated version of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement by Prof. Walter Kaelin).

Durable solutions

According to the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for IDPs (2010), “a durable solution is achieved when displaced persons no longer have any specific assistance and protection needs that are linked to their displacement and they can enjoy their rights without discrimination on account of their displacement”. This can be achieved through sustainable return, local integration and relocation. In addition, the IASC framework provides eight criteria to measure to what extent a durable solution has been achieved: 1) safety and security; 2) adequate standard of living; 3) access to livelihoods; 4) restoration of housing, land and property; 5) access to documentation; 6) family reunification; 7) participation in public affairs; and 7) access to effective remedies and justice. (See GP2.0 Policy Brief on Ten Years since the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions).

Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement

The Guiding Principles are the key international standard on internal displacement worldwide on protection, assistance and solutions for internally displaced persons. The Guiding Principles were presented to the Commission on Human Rights by the Representative of the Secretary General for Internally Displaced Persons in April 1998. They reflect and are consistent with human rights law, humanitarian law and refugee law, and provide guidance to States, other authorities, intergovernmental, and non-governmental organizations faced with issues of internal displacement. (See background and legal basis here).

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