Photo: OCHA/Karina Coates

Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)

Photo: Vanuatu Humanitarian Team

National Frameworks

In 2018, the Government of Vanuatu finalized the National Climate Change and Disaster-Induced Displacement Policy through a broad, consultative process that included contributions from displacement-affected communities. The Displacement Policy is notable for its comprehensive, inter-ministerial approach to addressing all stages of the response to climate change and disaster-induced displacement,1 from seeking to prevent the underlying causes of displacement to the final stage of ensuring displaced people and host communities’ long-term recovery needs are met through national development planning. Thus, it mainstreams displacement and human mobility considerations into relevant government action at all levels.

National Practices

Climate change and disaster-induced displacement Policy

The Displacement Policy has raised the profile of displacement in Vanuatu by establishing a framework for a national plan of action on displacement that articulates the importance of coordinated operational and policy frameworks on internal displacement and identifies the potential contributions of different stakeholders. In 2020, the Displacement Policy’s recommendations led to the establishment of a new Cluster to coordinate the response to Category V Tropical Cyclone Harold. The Displacement and Evacuations Centre Management Cluster, led by the National Disaster Management Office and co-led by the IOM, aims to improve coordination amongst agencies assisting displaced people. While many lessons have been learnt from more recent disasters, they are yet to be formally incorporated into the 2020 action plan given the financial resource constraints that hinder systematic revision and implementation of the Displacement Policy. Read more

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