Photo: OCHA/David Gough.
Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)
Photo credits: OCHA/Anthony Burke
The joint South Sudan and Sudan Solutions Initiative forms the basis through which national frameworks and norms are being developed. The Government has adopted the Kampala Convention, which was subsequently domesticated in the 2019 Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons Act, which also aims to make nationally applicable the 1998 Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.
South Sudan, along with Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda, is a member state of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) through which, launched in October 2020, the Solutions Initiative for Sudan and South Sudan was developed. The Solutions Initiative seeks to galvanize international support towards the early recovery and longer-term peacebuilding and resilience needs of over seven million internally displaced people, refugees and returnees as well as their host communities in the two countries. This effort aligns with the aims of the IGAD Nairobi Declaration, an agreement by IGAD member countries to pursue comprehensive regional approaches to deliver durable solutions for refugees while also maintaining protection and promoting self-reliance in countries of asylum. Since its launch, under the leadership of the governments of South Sudan and Sudan, national strategies and accompanying action plans have been developed and validated by a wide range of stakeholders. Refugees, internally displaced people, returnees and host communities were extensively included in national dialogues, ensuring that their needs and interests are included in the planning and management of these national processes. The result is significant progress on an inclusive regional strategy and action plan that is expected to inform the deliberations at the IGAD Special Summit of Heads of States and Governments scheduled for early 2022. Read more
Building Consensus on the Drafting of a National Law on Internal Displacement
In 2018, the Government of South Sudan undertook a process to domesticate the Kampala Convention, which culminated in the Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons Act 2019. The draft law was pending review by the Ministry of Justice at the time this case study was written. One of the most difficult challenges in developing the draft IDP law in South Sudan was collecting and including IDPs’ views given conflicting political interests surrounding the ultimate formation of the Transitional National Unity Government in February 2020, and the lack of tools to effectively consult IDPs countrywide. Consultation sessions with IDPs included presentations on existing normative frameworks on internal displacement, which also helped inform their contributions during the process. Consequently, the process to develop the draft law also enabled IDP participants to share new information with their respective communities. IDPs participating in the process to develop South Sudan’s IDP law focused on the need to prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence, and to protect IDPs’ housing, land and property rights, particularly for women. Read more