Nigeria

Photo: OCHA/Yasmina Guerda

Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)

Photo credits: OCHA/Eve Sabbagh


National Frameworks

Nigeria ratified the Kampala Convention in 2012, and in September 2021, the Federal Executive Council approved a new National Policy for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Nigeria. The policy enshrines the protections granted by the convention into domestic law. UNDP and UNHCR have collaborated with the government in efforts to implement a joint protection, return and recovery strategy for the north-east. A return strategy for Borno state was developed in 2018, which is intended to set minimum conditions for IDPs’ safe, dignified, informed and voluntary return.

National Practices

A Consultative Process for Adopting a National Law on Internal Displacement

In December 2018, Niger adopted Law related to protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, setting a global standard by including strong human rights protection for IDPs. In addition to the law’s content, the legislative development process itself served as a model in terms of inclusiveness, comprehensiveness, and efficiency. Prior to the law’s adoption, representatives from the Government of Niger had attended a Regional Training of Trainers programme on law and policy in April 2017 organized by UNHCR in Senegal, which sparked an interest in Niger becoming the first African Union (AU) Member State to domesticate the Kampala Convention into national legislation. Read more

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