Photo: OCHA/Franck Kuwonu

Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)

Photo credits: OCHA/Federica Gabellini

National Frameworks

Niger became one of the first country to domesticate the Kampala Convention when it adopted a law on internal displacement in 2018. The law addresses displacement triggered by conflict, human rights violations, disasters, and development projects. It recognizes IDPs’ rights, provides for their protection, and envisages support for ending displacement as defined by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Framework on Durable Solutions. It also promotes regional and national measures to prevent and mitigate the factors that lead to displacement.

The law specifies budgets and funding mechanisms to address displacement, assigns responsibility to specific agencies for its prevention and calls for coordination between national and international agencies in protecting and assisting IDPs.

National Practices

A Consultative Process for Adopting a National Law on Internal Displacement

In December 2018, Niger adopted Law related to protection and assistance to internally displaced persons, setting a global standard by including strong human rights protection for IDPs. In addition to the law’s content, the legislative development process itself served as a model in terms of inclusiveness, comprehensiveness, and efficiency. Prior to the law’s adoption, representatives from the Government of Niger had attended a Regional Training of Trainers programme on law and policy in April 2017 organized by UNHCR in Senegal, which sparked an interest in Niger becoming the first African Union (AU) Member State to domesticate the Kampala Convention into national legislation. Read more

Featured Resources