Photo: RCO Nepal/Mahendra Adhikari

Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)

Photo credits: OCHA/Stewart Davies

National Frameworks

The long-term objective of Durable Solutions is to create a national precedent and framework for the fair and voluntary relocation of citizens following a disaster or due to landlessness. The NRA has currently ratified five separate policies pertaining to the relocation of and durable solutions for people both displaced by the earthquake and at risk of future harm of displacement by geo-hazards.

National Practices

Durable Solutions

The impending threats of landslides and unstable land has been acknowledged by the Government of Nepal as a serious risk and has led to the formulation of a nationwide resettlement programme. Durable Solutions is a UK aid-funded programme that supports the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) by facilitating the implementation of this resettlement programme. This initiative has recognized the need for developing a comprehensive approach that combines scientific geological assessments to identify sites unsuitable for a long-term human habitant, and a grant-based policy providing financial incentive for eligible households to relocate to safe areas. It is implemented jointly by People in Need (PIN) and the Community Self-Reliance Center (CSRC). Read more

Building Expertise on Disability- Inclusive Design in Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery Efforts

In 2016-2017, the National Federation of the Disabled Nepal (NFDN) trained 17 leaders of Organizations of People with Disabilities (OPDs) on emergency shelter and settlement standards to ensure that all phases of disaster management, from preparedness to “building back better,” were disability-inclusive. The project was implemented in collaboration with government agencies, other OPDs and partners, including Christian Blind Mission (CBM) International. The OPD leaders then trained 270 stakeholders from eight earthquake-affected districts, including other OPD members, district and municipal officials, members of local disaster management committees, representatives from the police, army and media, as well as humanitarian actors. The trainees subsequently formed a Resource Pool that continues to work together as a community of practice in the Kathmandu valley, promoting accessibility standards based on the Principles of Universal Design. Read more

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