The internal conflict in Myanmar constitutes the world’s longest-running civil war, dating back to when Myanmar gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1948. The conflict has largely been ethnic-based, with several ethnic armed groups fighting Myanmar’s armed forces, the Tatmadaw, for self-determination. There are currently an estimated 215,000 internally displaced within Myanmar due to conflict and unrest since 1 February 2021. Learn more. Achieving durable solutions requires that the Myanmar government address the fundamental issues of equal rights and ensure that all communities in Rakhine State can live in safety, access basic services and pursue livelihoods opportunities. Learn more