Mongolia

Photo: UNICEF/Andrew Cullen

Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)

Photo credits: FAO/B. Bat-Erdene


National Frameworks

The Mongolian National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and IOM are using the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to develop a baseline study on displacement in Mongolia associated with climate change and disasters to inform future emergency response efforts.

National Practices

Forecast-Based Financing to Avoid Disaster Displacement

In Mongolia, as a result of climate change, herders struggle to prepare for sequential “dzuds,” a natural hazard common in Central and East Asia that results from summer drought followed by extreme winter temperatures accompanied by heavy snowfall and strong winds. The lack of water in the summer makes it difficult for herders to store fodder to help their livestock survive freezing winter conditions. For example, following three consecutive dzuds between 1999 and 2002, Mongolian herders lost a combined 25 per cent of the nation’s livestock, with some 11 million animals dying because of bitterly cold temperatures. Ultimately, at least 12,000 families lost the totality of their herds, with thousands of others falling into poverty. Recognizing the predictable nature of dzuds, the Government of Mongolia has partnered with Mongolian Red Cross Society, supported by the British Red Cross and the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre (RCCC), to use Forecast-based Financing (FbF) to reduce livestock loss by releasing humanitarian funds before extreme winter weather conditions arrive. Read more

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