Photo: OCHA/Anthony Burke
Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)
Photo credits: OCHA Asia-Pacific
In 2001, Indonesia adopted National Policies on the Handling of Internally Displaced Persons/Refugees in Indonesia. The text addresses displacement associated with conflict and violence and paves the way for durable solutions. In 2007, the country adopted the Law Number 24 Concerning Disaster Management, which addresses natural, non-natural and social disasters – including conflict and terrorism. The text contains preventive measures and promotes durable solutions.
The Sister Village Program for Disaster Preparedness
Indonesia’s Mount Merapi – in Central Java – is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Consequently, the densely populated communities that circle its base to benefit from its fertile agricultural land and tourism also face a high level of disaster displacement risk. In the past few years, there have been multiple eruptions, which have driven displacement – especially in areas close to Merapi’s summit. In 2011, the Regional Agency for Disaster Management for Magelang District and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) initiated the Sister Village Programme, with the support of the Federal Government and NGOs. The programme systematized cooperation between villages in high risk areas with those located in safe “buffer” zones, in order to provide evacuation sites, build the resilience of communities, and promote durable solutions for those displaced. The programme targeted 19 villages within a 20-kilometre radius of Merapi’s summit, and was implemented in accordance with the Government of Indonesia’s Action Plan for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction. Read more