Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)
Photo credits: UN/Mark Garten
The Government of Honduras first officially recognized the phenomenon of internal displacement in 2013 through Decree PCM-052-2013. The decree established the Inter- Institutional Commission for the Protection of Persons Displaced by Violence (CIPPDV), comprised of several government agencies and civil society organizations and housed within the Secretariat for Human Rights. In 2016, the CIPPDV began developing the draft Law on Protection of Persons Displaced by Violence, a collaborative process that also included two consultations with IDPs on elements of the legislation. The law is awaiting congressional adoption.
Preparing for Solutions through Abandoned Property Registration
In Honduras, internal displacement occurs clandestinely and often with little warning, as people flee individually or in small groups, generally after receiving direct threats from gangs or maras. Generalized violence and organized crime have created a climate of fear in both urban and rural areas that is compounded by high levels of impunity for murder, extortion, sexual violence, kidnapping and forced recruitment of children and adolescents and this compels people to flee. Although most IDPs stay within their own municipality, their situation in terms of housing, health and livelihoods is comparably worse than that of their neighbours who have not fled. In 2015, the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of IDPs recommended the creation of a confidential system for the registration of abandoned homes and property so that the Government could establish a legal process to ensure restitution or compensation, which he identified as a key element to finding durable solutions. Read more