Photo: OCHA/Jiro Ose

Total number of IDPs, 31 December 2020 (IDMC)

Photo: OCHA/Jordi Casafont

National Frameworks

Along with launching a Durable Solutions Initiative and ratifying the Kampala Convention in February 2020, the government has undertaken a number of initiatives to address internal displacement, including the creation of Durable Solutions Working Groups at the Federal and Regional levels made up of international organizations and NGOs, and a national steering committee to protect people displaced by conflict between the Somali and Oromia regions. In 2019, the Ministry of Peace and NDRMC adopted and began to implement a Strategic Plan to Address Internal Displacement which includes provisions to ensure IDPs’ safe, dignified and voluntary return as well as a Recovery and Rehabilitation Plan. Currently there are plans to conduct updates to strategic plans at the regional level and ongoing efforts to support these plans with targeted resource mobilization efforts and build a more cohesive picture on holistic and longer-term DSI engagement.

National Practices

Durable Solutions Initiative

The Durable Solutions Initiative (DSI) in Ethiopia has been developed by the Government of Ethiopia, the United Nations, international and national non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and donors. Modeled after good practices in other countries, the DSI in Ethiopia seeks to provide a principled operational framework to guide the work of all partners on durable solutions in the country. Its ultimate objective is to enable conditions conducive for all internally displaced persons to achieve durable solutions in a principled way. To this end, the DSI aims to support political ownership and leadership at the highest level, ensure community engagement, as well as linking up the necessary humanitarian, development, and peace actors to support durable solutions for IDPs at the following five levels:

  • Policy: mainstreaming issues of displacement in key policy/strategy documents, including in national development plans;
  • Legislative: supporting the development of implementing legislation and/or policy;
  • Institutional: strengthening the coordination and operations of the federal and regional-level working groups on durable solutions and seeking to enhance a whole-of-government approach to durable solutions;
  • Planning: mainstreaming the issues of displacement in regional spatial plans, city-wide structure plans and neighborhood development plans, and
  • Operational: implementing area-based, comprehensive, government-led and community-driven programmes in areas of voluntary return, relocation or local integration; supporting internally displaced households to find individual solutions (e.g., through microfinancing or portability of social protection entitlements); and., mainstreaming solutions in development programmes and humanitarian action.

Read more about Ethiopia’s Durable Solutions Initiative. Read the GP2.0 National Practice case study on Ethiopia’s Durable Solutions Initiative.

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