The Asia-Pacific Region

Discalimer: The designations employed on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations or its partners concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The Asia-Pacific region suffers much more than any other region from climate disaster-related displacements. When disasters destroy villages and entire neighbourhoods, people also face long-term housing, land and property issues. Women and children are also confronted with increased risks of violence due to climate-related displacement. Investment in long-term solutions is urgently needed before disasters force more people away from their homes and communities, adversely affecting their livelihoods. Learn more

The impacts of disasters and the displacement they trigger vary greatly across the region. A number of major disasters have triggered mass displacement in the region since the turn of the century, including typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2013, flooding in China in 2010 and the Sichuan earthquake in 2008, to name but a few. These events serve as a reminder that disasters on a similar scale are bound to happen again, and that reducing the risk of disaster displacement should continue to be a priority. Learn more

Eight countries with highest risk of internally displaced people are in Asia. China tops the list with most number of internally displaced people due to the natural disasters. Around 7. 4 million people are displaced and earthquakes, storms, floods and geophysical hazards are mostly responsible for their displacement. Learn more

Afghanistan

UNDP, ILO and UNHCR set up the Support Afghanistan Livelihoods and Mobility programme to support refugees returning from Pakistan and – with leadership from the Afghan Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs – sought to generate new employment opportunities for displaced people. Read more.

Fiji

Communities in Fiji, a country exposed to the ongoing threat of tropical cyclones and earthquakes, have longstanding spiritual and cultural connections to the land. How the Government engaged affected communities in the development of the Planned Relocation Guidelines. Read more.

Indonesia

 Indonesia’s Mount Merapi – in Central Java – is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. The Sister Village Programme is a model to prepare for and manage internal disaster displacement and strengthen community-based resilience in Central Java. Read more.

Iraq

Various data collection and analysis tools have been developed in Iraq to gain an understanding of the barriers that impede durable solutions for IDPs. These diverse data sets and analysis were eventually brought together to capture a fuller picture of why displacement in Iraq had become protracted. Read more.

Mongolia

In Mongolia, as a result of climate change, herders struggle to prepare for summer drought followed by extreme winter temperatures, displacing people from their traditional lands and into urban centres. Forecast-based Financing has been used to reduce livestock loss by releasing humanitarian funds before extreme winter weather conditions arrive. Read more

Nepal

In 2016-2017, the National Federation of the Disabled Nepal trained 17 leaders of Organizations of People with Disabilities on emergency shelter and settlement standards to ensure that all phases of disaster management, from preparedness to “building back better,” were disability-inclusive. Read more.

Philippines

 Between August 2017 and June 2018, three of metropolitan Manila’s most vulnerable cities (Navotas, Pateros and Quezon) partnered with the International Organization for Migration on a pilot project to strengthen community-based preparedness in the event of a major earthquake. Read more.

Vanuatu

 Vanuatu is consistently ranked among the most risk-prone countries in the world, with significant risk of displacement. To mitigate this risk Vanuatu’s Displacement Policy, adopted in 2018, establishes a framework for a national plan of action on displacement. Read more.